There are 3 categories of work authorisation:

  • Authorised to work without restrictions

  • Authorised to work with restrictions

  • Not currently authorised to work

Find out more about work authorisation in:

🇿🇦 South Africa

Authorised to work without restrictions

South African citizen
As a South African citizen you are able to work for any company in South Africa without restrictions.

Permanent resident (non-citizen)
As a permanent resident of South Africa you are able to work for any company in South Africa without restrictions.


Authorised to work with restrictions

Critical Skills Permit

There are two possible types of Critical Skills Permits, which include:

Critical Skills Permit with company name: If your current employer’s name appears on your permit you will need to apply for a change in conditions when you accept a job offer with a new company. This can take 6-8 weeks.

Critical Skills Permit without company name: Your current permit allows you to work for any company in South Africa.

Please note: As of 02 February 2022, this permit is no longer being issued by the Department of Home Affairs. Find out more

General Work Permit

There are four possible types of General Work Permits, which include:

General Work Permit with company name attached to it and under a specific skill: Your current permit allows you to work for any company in South Africa under the specific skill defined in your permit.

If your current employer’s name appears on your permit, you will need to apply for a change in conditions when you accept a job offer with a new company. This can take 6-8 weeks.

General Work Permit under specific skill
Your current permit allows you to work for any company in South Africa under the specific skill defined in your permit.

General Work Permit with company name attached to it

If your current employer’s name appears on your permit you will need to apply for a change in conditions when you accept a job offer with a new company. This can take 6-8 weeks.


General Work Permit without company name attached to it nor specific skill
Your current permit allows you to work for any company in South Africa.

Note: General Work Permits cannot be renewed so should look into applying for a Critical Skills Permit.


Study permit

Your permit allows you to work for 20 hours a week. You will need an offer from a South African company to apply for a Critical Skills or General Work Permit.

If you have any other type of permit please reach out to your Talent Advisor to review the terms of your permit.


Not currently authorised to work

If you are not currently a South African citizen/passport holder, permanent resident or have a work visa, you will need to apply for a Critical Skills or General Work Permit before you can work in South Africa. Once you have a permit, OfferZen can help you to find a job.

For more detailed information on work authorisation in South Africa, read more here: https://www.vfsglobal.com/dha/southafrica/visa-types.html

🇪🇺 The EU

Authorised to work without restrictions

Citizens/passport holders

As an EU citizen/passport holder you are generally able to work for any company in the EU without restrictions.

Permanent residents (non-citizen)

As a permanent resident of an EU country, you are generally able to work for any company in the EU without restrictions.

Dependant visas

If you have a family relationship (spouse or child) or are in a stable long-term relationship with an EU citizen, you do not need a work permit to work and have the right to equal treatment, including access to all social and tax advantages.

EFTA countries

If you are a citizen of one of the following countries, you have the same rights to work and reside in the EU as EU passport holders as per the European Free Trade Agreement (EFTA):

  • Iceland

  • Lichtenstein

  • Norway

Switzerland

If you are a Swiss national, you are free to live and work in the EU under the EU-Switzerland agreement on the free movement of persons.

UK passport holders

If you are a UK citizen/passport holder that lived in an EU country before Brexit was implemented on 1 Jan 2021, you don’t require visa sponsorship.

Authorised to work with restrictions

🇪🇺 EU Blue Card

EU blue cards holders are permitted to enter and remain in a particular EU country for employment. You are authorised to enter, re-enter and stay in the country that has issued it.

Find out more about the EU blue card and specific requirements.

🇳🇱 Netherlands - Highly Skilled Migrant (HSM) visa

In order to obtain this visa, a company that is recognised as a sponsor by the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) must apply on your behalf.

Note there are specific legal salary requirements for an HSM visa that exist to ensure companies provide competitive NL-based salaries.

Salary criteria 2022

  • Under 30 years: € 3,549 gross per month (€ 45,995 annual)

  • 30 years or older: € 4,840 gross per month (€ 62,726 annual)

*Note these amounts include 8% holiday allowance

After 5 years on an HSM visa, you will be eligible to apply for permanent residence. As a permanent resident, you will no longer be subject to income thresholds or require company sponsorship.

Family/partner sponsorship
If you are the partner or spouse of an HSM visa holder, you will be eligible to work in the Netherlands as a dependant on your employed partner's Highly Skilled Migrant visa and as such do not require sponsorship to work in NL.

The legal salary requirements of the HSM Visa do not apply to dependants since they don't hold an HSM visa themselves.

Remote work

If you are working remotely in a different EU country for the same company that issued your work permit, you can use your existing work permit.

🇩🇪 Germany - German work visa

The most common visa for those looking to work in Germany is the German Long Stay Employment Visa. It is for candidates that have a job offer in Germany and can be used to work at a paid job.

Once you have an offer from your potential employer, you will need to apply for a long stay employment visa.

Read more information on the German employment visa.

Not currently authorised to work

If you are not currently an EU citizen/passport holder or permanent resident, or if you don't have a work visa, you will need to apply for the relevant visa or work permit in the country you wish to work.

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